Sunday, April 04, 2010

Types and Varieties of Coffee Beans

Where coffee beans grow and their distinguishing attributes
Coffee beans are grown is three major regions of the world: Central and South America; Africa and the Middle-East; and South East Asia, particularly the islands of Indonesia.

Beans from the Americas are usually characterized by mild acidity with tobacco flavors, or even a hint of white chocolate. Beans from Africa are wine-like and very chocolatey, while Indonesian coffee beans are usually very earthy-tasting.

There are two varieties of coffee plant: "Arabica", which is thought to be indigenous to Ethiopia and was first cultivated on the Arabian Peninsula. The other variety of coffee is "Robusta" which contains up to 50% more caffeine than Arabica, and which is a far more hardy plant, resulting in it's much wider dispersion around the globe.

Robusta, however, is considered an inferior coffee since it tends to have less flavor, and exhibits bitterness. Nonetheless, because it is more widely distributed and a more hardy plant, it is less expensive than Arabica and used widely in coffee blends by the large industrial coffee blenders and instant coffee makers. Good quality Robusta beans are actually what provide the crema so essential to espresso coffee, so are typically found in espresso coffee blends, especially dark Italian espresso roasts.

Arabica coffee beans were traditionally called after the ports from which they were exported, hence "Mocha" which was shipped out of Yemen, and "Java", which was shipped out of Indonesia.

The coffee beans from each of these regions exhibit characteristics that can be grouped as follows: Beans with light-body, high acidity and sweet flavor come from Central and South America. Coffee beans that exhibit medium body and acidity hail from Africa. And finally, beans from South East Asia and the Pacific regions are characterized by dark body, low acidity, and an earthy flavor.

You no doubt will see coffee beans sometimes being described as "100% Colombian". This branding falls under the control of the Colombian Coffee Federation founded in 1927 to promote the growing and marketing of coffee from Colombia under the "Juan Valdez" brand.

Terminology Used to Describe Coffee Flavors
"Body" in reference to coffee refers to its feel in the mouth.

The flavor characteristics of coffee can be referred to with such terms as "earthy", "sweet", "bitter", "smoky", "cardboard-like", "citrus-like".

Coffee is naturally acidic. The pH of black coffee is around 5. (A pH less than 7 is acidic.) Reference is often made to the amount of acidity noticeable in a particular coffee bean.

Further Reading
Espresso Beans and My Recommendation on Where to Buy Great Espresso Beans Online

Roasting Green Coffee Beans at Home


albert duncan said...

my favorite is definitely Indonesian coffee it has such a distinct flavor and aroma, only problem is the circumstances in which it is grown and how the farmers are rewarded.

coffee beans melbourne said...

Thanks for the details about the coffee beans. Most of the people do not know the facts about beans. Yamen is famous for Mocha and Indonesia is for Java.Interesting facts in the post.

Inoccent Saliha said...

I really love to Coffee. I read all ingredients of it and i am really impressed of his taste . I also would like to take it .so please if you want to check out more that kind of things ...check out my site.

Most-Visited Pages in the last 30 Days


aerolatte (1) aeropress (2) anti-aging aspects of caffeine (1) arabica (3) babyccino (1) bad espresso (1) best coffeemakers (1) best espresso coffee beans (4) best espresso Manhattan (1) best espresso NYC (2) best Manhattan coffee shops (1) bikini baristas (1) Black Friday shopping (1) blended iced coffee recipe (1) Blue Bottle Coffee San Francisco (1) Bolivian Cenaproc coffee beans (1) brazil poco fundo coffee beans (2) Breville dual boiler BES900XL (1) Briggo coffee robot (1) buying coffee beans online (3) cafes (1) caffeine addiction (1) caffeine and alcohol (1) caffeine and health (7) caffeine and pregnancy (4) caffeine and skin care (2) caffeine and stroke (1) caffeine and women (1) caffeine content (1) caffeine quiz (25) caffeine quiz answer (12) caffeine quiz question (12) CAN Community Agroecology Network (2) canned coffee drinks (1) cappuccino (3) Central American coffee (1) chocolate espresso beans (1) chocolate espresso cake (1) cleaning an espresso machine (1) Coca-Cola (1) coffee (7) coffee accessories (1) coffee addiction (1) coffee and alcohol (1) coffee and children (1) coffee and pets (1) coffee and shift work (1) coffee and sleep (1) coffee and the workplace (1) coffee and work (1) coffee bean review (1) coffee bean roasters (2) coffee bean suppliers (1) coffee beans (10) coffee bikinis (1) coffee blog (1) coffee business in Europe (1) coffee community (2) coffee cookie recipe (1) coffee cooperatives (1) coffee cultures (2) coffee education (2) coffee faq (15) coffee grinder (1) coffee grinder recommendation (2) coffee grinder review (1) coffee history (1) coffee industry (7) coffee industry standards (1) coffee is good for you (1) coffee knowledge (1) coffee machines (3) coffee makers (1) coffee news (10) coffee recipes (3) coffee roasting (1) coffee robot (1) coffee shop recommendation (1) coffee shop reviews (1) coffee shops (8) coffee snob (1) coffee statistics (2) coffee terminology (2) coffee training (1) coffee trends (1) coffee websites (1) Colombia Popayan (1) Colombia Popayan Coffee Beans (1) Colombian coffee (1) conical burr grinder (2) consumer reports recommended coffeemakers (1) cooking (1) cooking with espresso (10) cost of making coffee at home (1) cowgirls espresso (1) crazy coffee questions (2) crema (3) dark chocolate (1) decaffeinated coffee (1) decaffeination (1) decaffinato (1) decalcify (1) descaling an espresso machine (1) Dieci espresso (1) distilled water (1) does coffee make you fat (1) effects of caffeine on the mind (1) el salvador (1) espress coffee beans (1) espresso (9) espresso beans (2) espresso coffee (1) espresso coffee bean recommendation (5) espresso coffee beans (1) espresso coffee equipment (1) espresso coffee in London (2) espresso coffee machines (1) espresso coffee marinade (1) espresso drinks (2) espresso machine (1) espresso machine recommendation (1) espresso machine review (1) espresso maker (1) espresso-based drinks (1) espresso_bean_review (6) espresso_machines (2) ethics of coffee (1) ethiopia natural harrar green coffee beans (2) expresso (1) extending the life of your espresso machine (1) Facebook (1) Fair Trade coffee (2) flat white (3) flat white coffee (5) foaming milk (4) fully-automated coffee machines (1) GMCR (1) golden rule (2) good espresso (1) got milk (1) grades of coffee bean (1) green coffee bean roasting profile (7) green coffee beans (5) green mountain coffee roasters (2) Guatemalan Antigua blend coffee beans (1) health (3) health benefits of coffee (2) history of cofee (101) history of coffee (1) history of espresso (1) history of the flat white (1) how to (4) how to foam milk (1) how to make a macchiato (1) how to make cappuccino (1) how to make coffee drinks (7) how to make espresso (1) how to make espresso-based drinks (2) how to make flat white (2) how to make latte (1) how to make perfect crema (1) how to make pumpkin spice latte (1) how to save money making coffee at home (2) how to store coffee beans (1) how to video (1) howto (2) i-roast 2 (3) iced coffee (2) illy (2) Indian coffee culture (1) insomnia (1) iraq (1) iroast-2 (4) is caffeine addictive (2) K-Cup (1) (1) LA Mill Coffee (1) lactose-free milk (1) latte (2) long black coffee (1) macchiato (1) making coffee (2) making espresso (6) making espresso at home (1) making milk for coffee (5) making perfect espresso (1) Manpresso Auto espresso maker (1) melitta (1) milk for espresso drinks (1) moka (1) moka express (1) Monica Glare (1) mountain biking (1) mr coffee (1) naughty baristas (1) new zealand coffee scene (4) nicaragua 5 de Junio coffee beans (1) Nicaragua coffee beans (1) Nicaraguan coffee (1) npr coffee stories (1) Ozone Coffee Roasters (1) paper filters (1) perfect espresso (1) peru norte coffee beans (1) PID controller (1) plum tart (2) portland OR (1) preparing milk for latte (1) psychotropic effects of caffeine (1) pumpkin spice latte (2) rawanda coffee (1) ready-to-drink coffee (1) real california cheese (1) recipe (2) recipes that incorporate espresso coffee (10) recommended (4) recommended coffeemakers (1) recommended espresso (1) roasting coffee beans at home (19) robusta (2) san mauricio pipil (1) seasonal coffee drinks (1) seattle best espresso (1) sex and coffee (1) sharia law (1) short black coffee (1) single-serve coffee pods (1) specialty coffee drinks (1) starbucks (13) steak (1) steaming milk (3) stove-top coffee maker (1) Sumatra Takengon coffee beans (1) synesso_espresso_machines (1) Tanzania KNCU organic green coffee beans (1) tea (1) Twitter (1) UC Santa Cruz (1) unusual uses for coffee (1) uses of caffeine (1) varieties of coffee bean (1) victrola (1) victrola coffee (2) video (1) vivace coffee (2) water distiller (1) weight gain (1) weight loss (1) what is a macchiato (1) who invented espresso (1) world barista championship (1)